[OpenLayers-Users] Find UTM Zone from x,y
learonco at gmail.com
Fri Oct 26 09:41:38 EDT 2007
Take a look at this email, from the PostGIS mailing list:
Hope this help
2007/10/26, Barend Köbben <kobben at itc.nl>:
> Hi Linda,
> I think your question starts with a basic mis-assumption:
> > Basically if I pass in the x,y coordinates in WGS_84 or any other meter
> > projection
> WGS84 is a officially a Datum, not a projection. A Datum is a global or
> ellipsoidal object closely matching the Earth's shape. A projection is
> literaly what it says: a projection of that global object on a flat
> (for a good overview, I suggest http://kartoweb.itc.nl/geometrics/)
> What most people mean if they say "WGS84 projection" is "Geographic
> coordinates (in latitude, longitude) on the WGS_84 Datum". Therefore it's
> coordinates are NOT x,y but lat,lon and it's NOT a meter projection but a
> (decimal) degrees description of a vector to a point on the surface of a
> global object (actually the lat and lon are angles with respect to the
> globe's origin...).
> In more simpel terms: lat,lon does not have a cartesian grid with an
> and equal values along two axes as its mathematical basis, as the UTM and
> other (meter) projections have.
> > I would like it to return the zone that those coordinates are in.
> You can easily do that if indeed you have lat,lon coordinates as described
> above. As the zones of UTM are just 60 zones divided over the 360 degrees
> longitude, each zone is 360/60=6 degrees of longitude. Zone 1 is from -180
> to 174, zone 31 is from 0 (Greenwich) to 6, etcetera. The zones each have
> N-S divide over the equator, so if the latitude is positive, the zone is
> zone xN, if negative it's zone xS.
> So my city Enschede is at lat,lon= 52.2166667 , 6.9 and therefore in zone
> For "any other meter projection" it's not so easy, because the projections
> all use different origins of their grid. The best is to calculate the
> projected x,y back to lat,lon on the WGS84 (in PROJ4-based systems use the
> toWGS84 part of the projection description) and then to the UTM zone...
> Barend Köbben
> International Institute for Geo-information
> Sciences and Earth Observation (ITC)
> PO Box 6, 7500AA Enschede (The Netherlands)
> ph: +31 (0)53 4874253; fax: +31 (0)53 4874335
> Users mailing list
> Users at openlayers.org
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