# [postgis-users] find nearest point on line where distance to point not on line is minimum - or lets say drop a perpendicular on the nearest line through a given point

Marco Lechner - FOSSGIS e.V. marco.lechner at fossgis.de
Fri Oct 16 04:54:54 PDT 2009

```Hi Mehmet,

thank you. This seems to be much faster then my experiments combining
line_locate_point() and line_interpolate_point() in subselects. The main
problem is now, that i have a bunch of lines (not just one specific) in
a table and I want the point to be calculated on the nearest line. The
recent request takes about 1.2 seconds because I have to calculate the
distances to all lines first to identify the nearest line. Is there a
better way?

Recent request:
SELECT multiline_locate_point(line, point) AS Ppoint_on_line FROM
(SELECT distance(the_geom, pointfromtext('POINT(3440580 5350000)',
31467)) AS dist, pointfromtext('POINT(3440580 5350000)', 31467) AS
point, the_geom AS line FROM linetable ORDER BY dist LIMIT 1) as foo

Marco

Mehmet Sirin schrieb:
> hi, i think you're searching this:
> bye
>
> 2009/10/16 Marco Lechner - FOSSGIS e.V. <marco.lechner at fossgis.de
> <mailto:marco.lechner at fossgis.de>>
>
>     hi,
>
>     I try to find a way to solve this problem in postgis.
>     I have a table with lines an coorindates of a point that needn't to be
>     on a line. I try to find
>     1. the id of the line wich is nearest to the point
>     2. get the coordinates of the point on the line which is nearest to the
>     point
>
>     --------0---------
>            |
>            |
>            X (point X not on line)
>
>     0 is the nearest Point to X on line and therefore the Point i'm
>     searching for.
>
>     Any hints?
>
>     Marco
>
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