[gdal-dev] SetSpatialFilter not working?

Spencer Gardner sjgardner at wisc.edu
Fri Mar 5 08:36:01 EST 2010

That makes sense.  I was using FTools so perhaps the GEOS support is not built in?  Anyway, I ran it on my Linux box and the analysis part works fine.  However, the features that it identifies for deletion don't actually get deleted so the file remains unchanged.  

(code included at bottom)

The documentation mentions that Layer.DeleteFeature() doesn't work for some drivers, but I don't see any error messages.  Does the ESRI Shapefile driver not support deletion?  If so, how does one remove features from a shapefile layer?

Spencer Gardner
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Department of Urban and Regional Planning

----- Original Message -----
From: Frank Warmerdam <warmerdam at pobox.com>
Date: Thursday, March 4, 2010 6:11 pm
Subject: Re: [gdal-dev] SetSpatialFilter not working?
To: Spencer Gardner <sjgardner at wisc.edu>
Cc: gdal-dev at lists.osgeo.org

> Spencer Gardner wrote:
> >I'm writing a script with 2 primary layers, a road layer and an intersection
> >layer.  I have designed the script to cycle through the intersections 
> and
> >remove any that have less than 3 road segments connected to it.  I 
> have set
> >a buffer of 1 foot to account for any misalignment.  The script runs 
> just
> >fine (using almost 24,000 intersection nodes) but doesn't identify any
> >intersections for removal.
> >
> >After troubleshooting, I have found that counting the road features after
> >setting the spatial filter returns an unusually high number of road segments
> >(usually between 9 and 12) for each intersection so that no intersection
> >returns less than 3 segments.  The same phenomenon occurs if I remove 
> the
> >1-foot buffer.  If I test the layers in ArcView by selecting roads that
> >intersect a specific node, the result is correct.  Is there something 
> in my
> >code that could be causing this problem?  The documentation says the
> >SetSpatialFilter method "may be inaccurately implemented" - would 
> this be a
> >symptom of this problem?  Is there another way of doing this type of
> >analysis?
> >
> >Thanks for the help.  Please excuse my lack of knowledge as I'm 
> fairly new
> >to this.
> Spencer,
> If GEOS is linked into GDAL/OGR the spatial filtering should be accurate.
> Otherwise a bounding box comparison is done and you can get significant
> numbers of false positives depending on the structure of the data.
> So, my suggestion is to rebuild GDAL with GEOS support.
> Best regards,
> -- 
> ---------------------------------------+--------------------------------------
> I set the clouds in motion - turn up   | Frank Warmerdam, warmerdam at pobox.com
> light and sound - activate the windows | http://pobox.com/~warmerdam
> and watch the world go round - Rush    | Geospatial Programmer for Rent

# import modules

import os, sys
  from osgeo import ogr

  import ogr

startDir = os.getcwd()

tempDir = '/tmp'

# set the working directory

os.chdir(startDir + '/Roads')

# get the shapefile driver

driver = ogr.GetDriverByName('ESRI Shapefile')

# open nodes.shp and get the layer

nodesDS = driver.Open('nodesdelete.shp', 1)

if nodesDS is None:

  print 'Could not open nodesdelete.shp'


nodesLayer = nodesDS.GetLayer()

# open 2009roads.shp and get the layer

roadsDS = driver.Open('2009roads.shp', 0)

if roadsDS is None:

  print 'Could not open 2009roads.shp'


roadsLayer = roadsDS.GetLayer()
print 'found ' + str(roadsLayer.GetFeatureCount()) + ' total road features'

# set up the array to store id's to be deleted
deleteNodes = []

# set up the progress bar
count = 1
totalNodes = nodesLayer.GetFeatureCount()
print 'found ' + str(totalNodes) + ' total nodes'

# loop through each node to count the number of connected roads
nodesFeature = nodesLayer.GetNextFeature()
while nodesFeature and count < 100:

  # buffer the nodes by 1 foot (to get only the adjacent roads)
  nodesGeom = nodesFeature.GetGeometryRef()
  bufferGeom = nodesGeom.Buffer(1)

  # use bufferGeom as a spatial filter on the node to get all roads

  # within 1 foot of the node


  roadCount = roadsLayer.GetFeatureCount()
  if roadCount < 3:

  # show progress
  count += 1
  progress = divmod(1000*count, 24000)
  if progress[1] == 0:
    print str(count) + '/' + str(24000)

  # move to the next node
  nodesFeature = nodesLayer.GetNextFeature()

# delete the features
print 'identified ' + str(len(deleteNodes)) + ' features to be deleted'
print 'deleting features\n'
for node in deleteNodes:

# close the shapefiles



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