[gdal-dev] Interesting issue with ogr2ogr and -tps

Even Rouault even.rouault at spatialys.com
Tue Jun 27 04:58:14 PDT 2017

On mardi 27 juin 2017 07:34:59 CEST Rahkonen Jukka (MML) wrote:
> Hi,
> There is a well written question in gis.stackexchange about how the -tps
> option in ogr2ogr behaves
> https://gis.stackexchange.com/questions/245391/ogr2org-tps-spline-method-cr
> eates-progressive-error
> Does anybody have a clue about what happens?

TPS is supposed to be exact at GCP, and interpolate between them. That said, it looks from 
this report like there might be a numerical stability issue. There are 2 solvers for the TPS 
transformer: a built-in that does matrix inversion "at hand" using Gauss-Jordan elimination 
method (the one that is taught at school if I remember well -:) ), and another one that uses 
the armadillo library that is faster and relates underneath on well proven numerical 
computation libraries (blas/lapack). I don't think osgeo4w builds use armadillo (actually I 
don't see anything in the nmake.opt related to armadillo).
That said, I see that the Gauss-Jordan implementation usd uses the "partial pivonting" 
mentionned in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pivot_element#Partial_and_complete_pivoting so this should 
normally account for most numerical stabilities issues.
So either the user is rather unlikely and has encountered a case where numerical instability 
occur, either his test/GCPs are wrong.
And I wouldn't have anticipated that numerical stabilities issues have such a north-to-south 
pattern, but perhaps...


Spatialys - Geospatial professional services
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