[gdal-dev] adding features to a layer/dataset...

Andreas Oxenstierna ao at t-kartor.se
Wed Jun 26 23:03:57 PDT 2019

or use a transactional database which handles all of these aspects (and 
several more) for you
> Shayne,
> To solve your problem, given the constraints the Even explained, you 
> probably need to do something like:
> * program that is writing to shapefile
>    - creates a socket or pipe
>    - open the file for exclusive access
>    - after it updates the shapefile
>    - close the file
>    - writes to the socket a message like "updated"
> * program that need to read the shapefile
>    - opens socket or pipe created by first program
>    - waits on read from socket for a message
>    - on getting "updated" message
>    - opens the shapefile for read
>    - reads the data, then closes the file
>    - processes the shape data
>    - loops back to wait on read from socket
> You also need a shared network filesystem that supports opening the 
> shapefile exclusively for both read and write operations so the file 
> is not overwritten while it is being accessed.
> All that said, this is not really a GDAL issue, and you probably need 
> to get advice from a network programming expert because there are 
> issues like handling trying to open the file when its locked, stale 
> locks, network failures, etc.
> -Steve
> On 6/26/2019 4:00 PM, Even Rouault wrote:
>> Shayne,
>>> I have a vector GDALDataset that is shared between two applications 
>>> running
>>> on different machines. Both applications call GDALOpenEx(...) to 
>>> open the
>>> shapefile.shp with flags GDAL_OF_VECTOR and GDAL_OF_SHARED flags set to
>>> open the dataset. The dataset only has one layer associated with it 
>>> and the
>>> shapefile format is the ESRI shapefile.
>> GDAL_OF_SHARED is for sharing the same dataset handle in the same 
>> process, not
>> for sharing datasets from several machines.
>>> After opening the dataset in both applications, the first application
>>> creates a new feature and adds it to the layer. The resulting 
>>> shapefile on
>>> disk shows that this is working when I inspect the contents of the
>>> shapefile with ogrinfo -al shapefile.shp. The new feature has been 
>>> added as
>>> expected with a feature count = 1.
>>> Is there a way to update the second application to get the changes 
>>> to the
>>> layer made by the first application? I've tried doing 
>>> layer->SyncToDisk()
>>> in the second application but this has no affect. Do I have to close 
>>> the
>>> layer/dataset and reopen it in the second application to get the 
>>> changes
>>> made by the first application?
>> Yes, GDAL doesn't handle synchronization/concurrent edition of 
>> shapefiles (or
>> any other file based formats), so if a file has been changed outside 
>> of GDAL,
>> you have to close and reopen the dataset to be sure that GDAL sees 
>> the changes
>> (sometimes you might see them, or some of them, while keeping the 
>> dataset
>> open, but it would be too fragile to rely on that)
>> Even
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Andreas Oxenstierna
T-Kartor Geospatial AB
Olof Mohlins väg 12 Kristianstad
mobile: +46 733 206831
mailto: ao at t-kartor.se

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