[GRASS-user] mosaic with landsat geotiff

Juan Manuel Barreneche jumanbar at gmail.com
Thu May 8 20:06:57 EDT 2008

Hi everyone, i'm a relatively new user of GRASS (version 6.2.2, 2007;
i'm using it since july 2007) and i have the following problems:

I'm trying to join different landsat5 rasters, as in a mosaic
(imported as geotiff, and downloaded from
http://www.dgi.inpe.br/CDSR/). [These images come labeled by the orbit
of the satellite and the "point", which is the number of image of the
sequence of said orbit, and are in UTM projection (resolution 30m x

So, my problems are:

1- With r.patch i can join images from the same orbit (eg orbit: 222,
points: 82,83), but the resulting map is not quite right: the
overlapping region of the images are not well positioned (i thought
that r.patch would correct this difference). [See below for different
2- With i.image.mosaic a can't even see the resulting raster map (just
a blank image, even if the Query tool gives normal values in the zone
that's expected).

Also, when i try to import another map, but from a different landsat5
orbit (223), which happens to be in a different UTM zone (-22, being
-21 the zone of my original map) i have this output:

> r.in.gdal -e 'input=/home/mastermind/Documents/Proyecto Invasiones/LANDSAT/LANDSAT_5_TM_20070602_222_082_L2_BAND1.tif' output=ejemplo
A datum name sam69 (South_American_Datum_1969) was specified without
transformation parameters.
WARNING: Non-interactive mode: the GRASS default for sam69 is
ERROR: Projection of dataset does not appear to match current location.

       name: Universe Transverse Mercator
       proj: utm
       datum: sam69
       towgs84: -60.0,-2.0,-41.0
       a: 6378160
       es: 0.006694605328567784
       zone: 21
       south: defined
       no_defs: defined

       Dataset PROJ_INFO is:
       name: Universe Transverse Mercator
       proj: utm
       datum: sam69
       a: 6378160
       es: 0.006694605328567784
       zone: 22
       south: defined
       no_defs: defined

       ERROR: zone

       You can use the -o flag to r.in.gdal to override this check and use
       the location definition for the dataset.
       Consider generating a new location from the input dataset using the
       'location' parameter.

I've tried with the -o flag but, not surprisingly, the imported map
was in a completely wrong position (far to the west of my original
map, when it was supposed to be eastwards from it). The r.patch option
was tried also in this scenario, in vain of course.

3- I thougth of yet another option: import all these images into
another location, which is big enough to put all others inside* , for
which i tried r.proj, but i get this:

> r.proj input=223_B location=landsat5_sriptR mapset=jmb dbase=/home/mastermind/GRASSDATA output=ejemplo2 method=nearest
PROJ_INFO file not found for location worldclim
ERROR: Can't get projection info of output map

(something similar happens when i try using the landsat5 location as
the destination of r.proj)

so i researched and found that g.setproj would create a PROJ_INFO
file, but i got this instead:
> g.setproj
XY-location cannot be projected.

*a map from http://www.worldclim.org/, which "... are in geodetic
coordinate system (not projected, i.e., 'GEOGRAPHIC' or 'LATLONG'
system). The datum is WGS84...." and have a resolution of 30 seconds.

here is some more information:

My landsat5 location (again):
projection: 1 (UTM)
zone:       -21
datum:      sam69
ellipsoid:  a=6378160 es=0.006694605328567784
north:      6651449.91031
south:      6160670.08969
west:       158330
east:       827030
nsres:      30.00060032
ewres:      30
rows:       16359
cols:       22290
cells:      364642110

My system (don't think it's relevant, but anyway...):
OS: Linux i686,
System: openSUSE 10.2 (i586), using KDE:  3.5.5 "release 45".
Processor (CPU): Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 2.80GHz
Speed: 2,799.90 MHz
Total memory (RAM):  1,003.06 MB
Free memory:  16.01 MB (+ 549.73 MB Caches)

well, i hope someone can give me any help on this, i would be
immensely grateful for it,

Juan Manuel Barreneche
Zoología de Vertebrados,
Facultad de Ciencias,
Universidad de la República,

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