[GRASS-dev] discussion: replacing ps.map

William Kyngesburye woklist at kyngchaos.com
Fri Apr 6 10:02:33 EDT 2007

On Apr 6, 2007, at 6:12 AM, Glynn Clements wrote:

> William Kyngesburye wrote:
>> I'm having a problem building libraster now.  I get a bunch of
>> multiple definitions errors between the linked pngdriver and psdriver
>> when linking the raster library.
>> _true_color
>> _height
>> _width
>> _init_color_table
> Can you find out whether the Mac linker has an option to ignore
> duplicate symbols (at least for the case where none of the symbols are
> actually being imported)?
> If it does, adding that switch to the definition of SHLIB_LD in
> SC_CONFIG_CFLAGS (in aclocal.m4) is the appropriate solution.
> If it doesn't, I can give these functions/variables unique names, but
> that's really just a workaround; this issue is likely to crop up again
> in the future.

The flag to manually make them warnings is -multiply_defined warning  
(or suppress).  But it's really an effect of using a flat namespace.   
-flat_namespace (and -fno-common) might be a holdover from the early  
Mac days building GRASS, when there were probably issues.  The  
default on OSX, since 10.1, is a two-level namespace, where multiply- 
defined symbols are a warning by default.

I removed -flat_namespace from my SHLIB_LD in platform.make (quick-n- 
dirty hack).  The multiply-defined symbols don't break the raster  
library linking now.  But instead I have an undefined symbol in the  
display library:

ld: Undefined symbols:
_PS_Driver referenced from libgrass expected to be defined in / 

(that 'libgrass' got truncated, it's really libgrass_display - it's  
an intentional quirk of the OSX linker)

William Kyngesburye <kyngchaos*at*kyngchaos*dot*com>

"Time is an illusion - lunchtime doubly so."

- Ford Prefect

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