[mapserver-dev] [EXTERNAL] Problem with filter in Oracle

Björn Danielsson bjorn.danielsson at falubo.se
Fri Jan 29 00:22:39 PST 2016

Hi again,

I have encountered another difference between postgres and oracle where 
postgres works ok but oracle does not, and may have an angle towards filter.

As I mentioned earlier I have two identical databases, one in postgres and 
the other in oracle.

It concerns the function queryByAttributes. The documentation of 
queryByAttributes  is a bit confusing and contradicting so I have more or 
less used trial and error to get it working. I started with postgres
and finally got it working. But what worked in postgres caused error in 

    NAME           "AVD"
    GROUP          "AVD"
    CONNECTION     "host=localhost port=5432 dbname=fwt_prod user=c2 
    STATUS         ON
    TYPE           POLYGON
    TEMPLATE   "void"
#    DEBUG 5

php-code for postgres:

$oLayer= $oMap->getLayerByName("AVD");
if ($bDebug) {
  fwrite($f,"Layername: ".$oLayer->name."\r\n");
$data = "kartobj FROM ".$dbowner.".AVD*AVD USING SRID=".$srid." USING UNIQUE 
$data = str_replace("*","$",$data);
$ab = $oLayer->set("data", $data);
$filter = "([orgid]='".$orgid."' and [fv]='".$fv."' and [bev]='".$bev."' and 
$aa = $oLayer->setFilter($filter);
$ac = $oLayer->setConnectionType(MS_POSTGIS);       
$oLayer->set("connection", $conn);
$res = @$oLayer->queryByAttributes("avd", "'".$avd."'", MS_SINGLE);
if ($bDebug) {
  fwrite($f,"avd-res: ".$res."\r\n");

>From debug ( at the end of msPostGISLayerWhichShapes query ):

3922))',0) and ("avd"::text = '250' and "orgid" = 'BSD' and "fv" = 'FV1' and 
"bev" = '1' and "skifte" = '3235')

Notice "avd"::text='250'.

php_code for oracle:

$oLayer= $oMap->getLayerByName("AVD");
if ($bDebug) {
  fwrite($f,"Layername: ".$oLayer->name."\r\n");
$data = "KARTOBJ_SDO FROM ".$dbowner.".AVD*AVD";
$data = str_replace("*","$",$data);
$ab = $oLayer->set("data", $data);
$filter = "([ORGID]='".$orgid."' AND [FV]='".$fv."' AND [BEV]='".$bev."' AND 
$aa = $oLayer->setFilter($filter);
$ac = $oLayer->setConnectionType(MS_ORACLESPATIAL);
$oLayer->set("connection", $conn);
$res = $oLayer->queryByAttributes("AVD", "'".$avd."'", MS_SINGLE);
if ($bDebug) {
  fwrite($f,"avd-res: ".$res."\r\n");

>From debug ( same query as above ):

'BSD' AND FV = 'FV1' AND BEV = '1' AND SKIFTE = '3235'

Notice WHERE AVD = AVD = '250' which of cause gives ora error 933.

Postgres and oracle obviously either treat the in-arguments to 
queryByAttributes differently or there is a bug somewhere. I would very much 
like to get the thing going in oracle so if there is anything I can do to 
test further I will be glad to help.

That goes with the previous filter problems too.

Björn D
-----Original Message-----
From: Michael Smith <michael.smith.erdc at gmail.com>
To: Björn Danielsson <bjorn.danielsson at falubo.se>
Cc: <mapserver-dev at lists.osgeo.org>
Date: Mon, 18 Jan 2016 07:43:31 -0500
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] [mapserver-dev] Problem with filter in Oracle

No, there is no check on the number of records. In both queries, the spatial 
filter is passed but in the second one, there is no other filter. 

If both queries are returning rows in sqlplus, then I think you need to look 
at the rendering side. Perhaps you have something that is preventing the 
image from drawing if ID is set?

You can also increase the DEBUG value to 5 and see the rows produced by each 
query but if both are producing rows in sqlplus, they should in mapserver. 

And the :ordinates bind value does include the sdo_ordinate_array type being 

First query:  

'1eokfraqi19niup7402g3iflp7'  AND SDO_FILTER( KARTOBJ_SDO, 
MDSYS.SDO_GEOMETRY(2003, :srid, 
NULL,MDSYS.SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1,1003,3),:ordinates),'querytype=window') = 

Second query: 
MDSYS.SDO_GEOMETRY(2003, :srid, 
NULL,MDSYS.SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1,1003,3),:ordinates),'querytype=window') = 


From: Björn Danielsson < bjorn.danielsson at falubo.se>
Date: Monday, January 18, 2016 at 3:33 AM
To: Michael Smith <michael.smith.erdc at gmail.com >
Cc: <mapserver-dev at lists.osgeo.org >
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] [mapserver-dev] Problem with filter in Oracle

Hi Michael,
Sorry, I did not notice that I only replied to your private address.
Anyway, I followed your advice and set DEBUG 3 in layer 'X', and made two 
runs: one with filter set and one with filter not set. The debug output for 
both runs is in the included ms_error.txt-file.
The one with filter set produce an empty image. The one with filter not set 
works fine.
I took the statement from 'Using this Sql to retrieve data', replaced :srid 
with -1 and :ordinates with 
SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(393339.5,6773950.0,394169.5,6774780.0) and ran the 
statement in sqlplus.
Both examples worked.
So I am a bit at loss. The only thing I can see in the debug file is that 
:ordinates is not declared in 'Bind values' but the rectangle's extents are. 
But I don't know what goes on behind the scene so that might be correct. It 
feels strange though that this would affect the filter. Or can it be that 
oracle spatial detects that the table ( when filter not set ) contains only 
one record and therefore skip the sdo-filtering altogether?
Björn D
-----Original Message-----
From: Michael Smith < michael.smith.erdc at gmail.com>
To: Björn Danielsson < bjorn.danielsson at falubo.se>, < 
mapserver-users at lists.osgeo.org>
Date: Fri, 15 Jan 2016 07:04:55 -0500
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] [mapserver-dev] Problem with filter in Oracle
Always reply back to the list, others can assist also.
You need to set the DEBUG 3 at the layer level in your mapfile and then the 
actual queries sent to Oracle will be displayed in the log file (as well as 
any spatial bind values). Then you can run those queries outside of 
mapserver and verify whether you are getting the rows of data you expect or 
Michael Smith
US Army Corps
Remote Sensing GIS/Center
michael.smith at usace.army.mil
From: Björn Danielsson < bjorn.danielsson at falubo.se >
Date: Friday, January 15, 2016 at 2:40 AM
To: Michael Smith <michael.smith.erdc at gmail.com >
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] [mapserver-dev] Problem with filter in Oracle
Hi Michael and thanks for your quick response.
I did 3 runs with debuglevel 3 and the outcome from the debugger does not 
say me much.
  DEBUG              3
  CONFIG             "MS_ERRORFILE" "/ms4w/tmp/ms_error.txt"
I also activated the 'debugger' in my php scripts that writes a lot, among 
other things the database calls, to a file.
The three runs and the resulting debug files are called A,B and C. From 
mapserver debug 'ms_error_A.txt', and from php debug 'php_debug_A.log'. Look 
for 'filter = ' in the php debug files.
A, B and C refer to the examples in my original mail.
Run A shows the example:
     $filter = "([ID]='".$sessid."')";
with the layers 'AVD' and 'X' where 'AVD' works fine and 'X' does not.
Run B and C is from the same php script with different contents in filter.
Look for layers 'AVD' and 'AVD-L'. Actually the same table and column. Layer 
'AVD' shows polygons and layer 'AVD-L' the polygons' outlines.
Run C works and run B does not.
The column SKIFTE in run B is surrounded by parenthesis because it may be 
like (SKIFTE='A' OR SKIFTE='C' OR ...) because mapserver obviously no longer 
supports the 'in'-statement. I have tried without parenthesis but that did 
not change anything.
I can't see any pattern in this.
Björn Danielsson
-----Original Message-----
From: Michael Smith < michael.smith.erdc at gmail.com>
To: Björn Danielsson < bjorn.danielsson at falubo.se>, 
"mapserver-dev at lists.osgeo.org " < mapserver-dev at lists.osgeo.org>
Date: Thu, 14 Jan 2016 09:35:31 -0500
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] [mapserver-dev] Problem with filter in Oracle
Can you turn on DEBUG level 3 and show what queries are being generated? 
That will help isolate whats going on with the queries to the backend.
Michael Smith
Remote Sensing/GIS Center
US Army Corps of Engineers
From: mapserver-dev < mapserver-dev-bounces at lists.osgeo.org> on behalf of 
Björn Danielsson < bjorn.danielsson at falubo.se>
Date: Thursday, January 14, 2016 at 4:30 AM
To: "mapserver-dev at lists.osgeo.org " < mapserver-dev at lists.osgeo.org>
Subject: [EXTERNAL] [mapserver-dev] Problem with filter in Oracle
Resent-From: Michael Smith <michael.smith at usace.army.mil >
I have been using ms4w for quite some time and have discovered problems with 
Oracle when using php_mapscript. I posted this problem at ms4w's support and 
was adviced to turn to you.
I am supporting a gis-system on the web that is heavily database dependent, 
and can run on either postgres or oracle according to the costumer's 
request. So there are two sets of php-scripts that are identical apart from 
the database calls.
Thera are no problems with postgres.
With Oracle there is a funny problem with filter.
Look at this:
foreach($aLayersIdx as $layerIndex) {
  $oLayerK = $oMapK->getLayer($layerIndex);
if ($bDebug) {
  fwrite($f,"layer: ".$oLayerK->name."\r\n");
  if ($oLayerK->name == "AVD" && $avd == "") {
  $filter = "";
  switch ($oLayerK->name) {
    case "AVD" :
      $filter = "([ORGID]='".$orgid."' AND [FV]='".$fv."' AND 
[BEV]='".$bev."' AND [SKIFTE]='".$skifte."' AND [AVD]='".$avd."')";
      $data = "KARTOBJ_SDO FROM ".$dbowner.".AVD*AVD";
    case "X" :
      $filter = "([ID]='".$sessid."')";
      $data = "KARTOBJ_SDO FROM ".$dbowner.".KARTA*TMP2";
  $data = str_replace("*","$",$data);
  $oLayerK->set("data", $data);
  $oLayerK->set("connection", $conn);
  $oLayerK->set("status", MS_ON);
  if ($bDebug) {
    fwrite($f,"connection: ".$conn."\r\n");
    fwrite($f,"filter: ".$filter."\r\n");
    fwrite($f,"data: ".$data."\r\n");
A mapfile with two layers, 'AVD' and 'X'.
Problem is that filter for layer 'X' does not work. Or, rather, it works but 
no record is returned. The mapserver debugger reports no error.
The filter for layer 'AVD' works fine.
When the line $filter = "[ID]='".$sessid."')" is commented and the table 
KARTA$TMP2 contains only one record it works and a map layer is produced. So 
it seems that when filter is introduced in the select something goes wrong.
I thought that ID might be a reserved word but after some testing I found 
that filter fails in calls to other tables as well.
For example:
This works
     $filter = "([ORGID]='".$orgid."' AND [FV]='".$fv."' AND 
But this does not work
     $filter = "([ORGID]='".$orgid."' AND [FV]='".$fv."' AND 
[BEV]='".$bev."' AND [SKIFTE]='".$skifte."')";
The problem is consistent in that way that where the problem occurs it 
always occurs, and where it not occurs it never occurs. It is not 
The php script ( where the snippet came from above ) was developed under 
ms4w version 2.2.7 and at that time no problems occured. I have also used 
version 3.0.6 and 3.1.1 and both versions have problems. So somewhere 
between 2.2.7 and 3.0.6 something happened. 
I am at loss here.
Björn Danielsson
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