[postgis-users] meters to degrees

Mike Toews mwtoews at gmail.com
Mon Mar 7 10:45:42 PST 2011

Hi Michal,

It looks like you declared your data in location.point using
longitude/latitude, rather than easting/northing. If you want to store
your data in projected EPSG:3044, you need to first transform it from
geographic units, e.g.:

SELECT ST_AsEWKT(ST_Transform(ST_SetSRID(ST_MakePoint(7.4545, 44.0),
4326), 3044));

looks like
"SRID=3044;POINT(376090.362129178 4873033.87926193)"

Now these units are in metres. You had previously declared your point
with Easting 7.4545 m and Northing 44.0 m, which is theoretically
somewhere near the equator. With geometry, you need to use all degrees
or all metres. You cannot mix units arbitrarily without transforming
them using ST_Transform.

If you are doing many things with mixed long/lat and measured metres,
you might want to take a look at the geography data type:


On 8 March 2011 04:49, michal nagy <lachim1989 at gmail.com> wrote:
> Ok,
> basically I have table location(id int, point geometry(POINT)) and function getallpointsincircle(longitude, latitude, radius) which gives set of internal indexes from location table if point in table is in the radius of parameters of function. Inside function I am using st_dwithin
> declare
> t2_row location%rowtype;
> po geometry;
> begin
> po:=st_geomfromtext('POINT('||lon||' '||lat||')',3044);
> for t2_row in select * from location
> loop
> if st_dwithin(t2_row.point,po, radius) is true
> then return next t2_row.id;
> end if;
> end loop;
> return;
> end;
> idst_astext
> 12
> POINT(7.4545 44)
> 13
> POINT(7.49785 44)
> 14
> POINT(7.6845 44)
> 15
> POINT(7.96311 44)
> 16
> POINT(55.859755 9.847419)
> these are test values in location table, as you can see point(16) has measured coords, others are bogus.
> Now, when I execute my function select getallpointsincircle(56.162882,10.203944,45000.0), all the indexes are returned. Approximately the distance between these places is 40 km. But when I exchange 45000.0 with 0.46 i will get proper index(16 in this case).
> 2011/3/7 Mike Toews <mwtoews at gmail.com>
>> You are using EPSG:3044, correct? http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/3044/
>> This projection has units of metres. ST_DWithin and related functions use the same units of length as defined in the projection, which in this case is metres, not degrees. You may need to elaborate with an example.
>> -Mike
>> On 7 March 2011 23:41, michal nagy <lachim1989 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>> Well, it sitll does not solve my problem. As I said I am using geometry(planar) with SRID 3044, where units are degrees, therefore when using st_dwithin will still take input in degrees.
>>> 2011/3/7 Paragon Corporation <lr at pcorp.us>
>>>> Use ST_DWithin instead.  http://www.postgis.org/documentation/manual-1.5SVN/ST_DWithin.html
>>>> We cover this topic in detail in the first chapter of our book which is a free download.
>>>> http://www.postgis.us/chapter_01
>>>> Leo and Regina
>>>> ________________________________
>>>> From: postgis-users-bounces at postgis.refractions.net [mailto:postgis-users-bounces at postgis.refractions.net] On Behalf Of michal nagy
>>>> Sent: Monday, March 07, 2011 2:29 AM
>>>> To: postgis-users at postgis.refractions.net
>>>> Subject: [postgis-users] meters to degrees
>>>> Hello everyone,
>>>> I am new to Postgres and PostGIS. I have encountered one problem, that I
>>>> can not deal with.I have table with various points that have SRID=3044,
>>>> which should be UTM zone including Jutland. I have created function to
>>>> loop through all points in table and check if they are within given
>>>> radius(using geometry and function st_point_inside_circle). Now to the
>>>> problem, for some reason st_point_inside_circle takes radius in degrees,
>>>> which is very inconvenient for me. I would really need to  change to
>>>> metres. If anyone has a suggestion, pls let me know.
>>>> Thank you for help
>>>> Michal
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